Periodontology

Periodontology

What is Periodontology?

The term "periodontal" means "around the teeth", thus, Periodontology is the field of dental medicine responsible for preventing and treating diseases that affect the gums and in turn the dental bone.

Gingivitis and periodontitis are the most common manifestations of periodontal disease and should be controlled as these are chronic bacterial infections, which if left untreated can have serious consequences, such as tooth loss.

Diseases Associated with Periodontology

Gingivitis

If you have symptoms such as red, inflamed, bleeding gums, you may have gingivitis! The first step after noticing these warning signs is to make an appointment with a dentist who specialises in periodontology to identify the source of the problem and to indicate appropriate treatment.

Periodontitis

Untreated gingivitis affects the fibres and the dental bone thus causing periodontitis. As a result, tissue destruction and weakened teeth lead to tooth loss.

Doenças associadas à Periodontologia

Gengivite

Se tiver sintomas como gengivas vermelhas, inflamadas e com sangramento pode estar com uma gengivite! O primeiro passo após perceber estes sinais de alarme é marcar uma consulta com um médico dentista, especialista em periodontologia, para identificar a origem do problema e indicar o tratamento adequado.

Periodontite

A gengivite não tratada atinge as fibras e o osso dentário provocando assim uma periodontite. Por conseguinte, dá-se a destruição dos tecidos e o enfraquecimento dos dentes, resultando em perda dentária.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is a major cause of tooth loss. Although no specific reason for its onset is identified, there are risk factors that enhance its development.

Genetic predisposition

Studies show that over 30% of the population may be genetically susceptible to gum disease.

Smoking

Smokers are the biggest victims of periodontal disease as they are at the highest risk of the disease developing and progressing.

Systemic diseases

Diseases that interfere with the immune system can affect oral health.

Medicines

Certain medicines, such as oral contraceptives, antidepressants and anticonvulsants, may affect your oral health.

Bruxism (teeth-grinding)

If you often grind your teeth during sleep, be aware that you are putting pressure on the areas around your teeth, accelerating the destruction of periodontal tissues.

Pregnancy

During pregnancy and puberty, oral care should be doubled. Constant hormonal changes can affect various body tissues.

Stress

Some studies show that stress can become a barrier to the body as it can impair protection against infections, including periodontal disease.

Poor diet

A diet low in essential nutrients can compromise the immune system and make it harder for the body to protect itself against infections.


What are the symptoms of Periodontal Disease?

Sensitive Teeth

Swelling

Bleeding

Gum retraction

Bad breath

Wobbly Teeth

How Does The Treatment Work?

The solution to periodontal disease is prevention by removing plaque. To this end, it is important to maintain healthy oral hygiene habits such as daily brushing, flossing and regular dental check-ups.

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Oral Assessment

The dentist carefully analyses the patient's mouth cavity, using additional diagnostic means, if necessary, to better match the type of treatment to be performed.

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Dental procedure

Plaque removal is carried out through techniques that involve scraping and smoothing the dental root, thus eliminating all and any potential outbreaks of infection.

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Surgical intervention

This type of procedure is only applied in more complex cases, where it is not possible to correct the compromised root area.

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Aftercare

The dentist gives specific instructions on how to perform oral hygiene to keep your mouth healthy after treatment.

Book your free oral assessment consultation now!

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